Human Papillomavirus Vaccines What are they and when are they given?

Of the many viruses that cause the spread of the human papilloma virus, the most dangerous of all are those that lead to cancer cells, which can affect both men and women, for this, vaccines for the virus have been specially developed. human papilloma.

Until a few years ago, only women were vaccinated to prevent such contagion, leaving aside men who could also be affected by the same virus, but currently a vaccination protocol has been followed, with which it has been possible to stop the progression of the disease, controlling infections from an early age.

People who should be vaccinated against Human Papillomavirus

Vaccination against HPV, as with most diseases, is usually done at an early age, in order to avoid contagion of the disease by strengthening the defenses so that they can fight it when it enters our body.

The people indicated to undergo vaccination and the guidelines to follow in each case are the following:

Human Papillomavirus Vaccines in Children 11-12 Years

All children between the ages of 11 and 12 should undergo this preventive treatment , which consists of 2 injections of the same, with the recommended separation between the two being about 6 to 12 months . In the event that both injections are applied in periods of time less than 5 months, it is most likely that a third dose will have to be applied in the future.

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HPV Vaccines in Youth Over 15 Years Old

In these cases, 3 doses of the vaccine should be applied, the separation between these being 6 months as a whole . At these ages, what is intended to be achieved is the prevention of the disease before it can be spread through sexual activity. At an early age, young people and children are vaccinated before they begin to have intimate personal relationships. They are informed about the possible risks to which they may be subjected , through the corresponding sexual education.

The objective is that they are aware of the contraceptive methods that exist, and the importance of using condoms to avoid unnecessary risks of contracting other types of sexually transmitted diseases.

All those people who have already been vaccinated in any of these cases, will not need a booster over the years , unlike other vaccines such as the flu. And for this reason, once any of these cycles have been successfully completed, it will not be necessary to repeat it again, considering the patient in question immunized against said virus.

In the cases of women who are pregnant, or in men who have been diagnosed with HIV or who have unprotected relationships with other men; A completely different action protocol must be followed, which must be informed and controlled by the corresponding general practitioner of each person, or, where necessary, by the private doctor who is managing the case.

HPV Vaccines in Adult Men and Women

This vaccine may also be administered to young adults, being in women up to 26 years and in men up to 21. In these cases the doses must be 3 units, about 6 months apart each of the injections, for both sexes.

Other types of treatments for Human Papillomavirus

Vaccines for the human papillomavirus serve to prevent the spread of the virus, but currently there are studies that have proven their effectiveness against pre-cancer cells that form in the genitals but have not yet been activated.

To combat them, most patients undergo a cycle of vaccination against HPV , which has proven to be an efficient method to make these cells disappear.

Unlike vaccination, there are other more invasive methods , which are carried out when contagion has already occurred and symptoms have begun to manifest.

Among them is the administration of different substances against warts, which are prescribed by a specialist, in some cases more aggressive applied by himself.

These cases are carried out with those where warts can be seen, which are usually the least aggressive and those that have been shown not to end up leading to cancer.

On the contrary, in cases in which if it ends up leading to cancer cells, the treatment of these areas is the same as that of any cancer. In these cases, it is necessary to have the patient undergo surgery to remove the affected area where the foreign bodies are found; accompanied by radio and chemotherapy sessions to fully heal the area and destroy all damaged tissue.

These turn out to be the most serious cases to treat, due to the physical and mental toughness that the patient has to develop in order not to collapse, and to be able to withstand the immune and physical deterioration that these invasive techniques cause to the body.